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2017年成考专升本英语考试模拟试题及答案三

一、语音知识(共5小题,每题1.5分,共7.5分)


在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的画线部分与其他单词的画线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。

1。请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项(  )。

A. carried

B. borrowed

C. asked

D. thread

答案:C

2。 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项(  )。

A。 combine

B. complain

盛京棋牌C。 comprise

D。 complex

答案:D

3。 请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项(  )。

A.procession

B. professor

C. mission

D. pressure

答案:B

4.请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项(  )。

A.reward

B.upward

C.ward

D。warmth

答案:B

5.请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项(  )。

A。 scissors

B. score

C. screen

D. sculpture

答案:A


二、词汇与语法知识(共15小题,每题1.5分,共22.5分)从每小题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。

6。No sooner had she got home__________________she tried on her new coat。

A. that

B. than

C. before

D. when

答案:B

解析: no sooner…than引导时间状语从句,表示“一……就……”。

7.You must take __________for granted that I will help you.

A. it

B. that

C。 this

D. its

答案:A

解析:it是形式宾语,句子真正的宾语是从句that l will help you。

8.Bob is __________rude that everyone dislikes him.

A。 so

B. too

C. very

D. such

答案:A

解析: 这个句子为“so...that...”结构。

9.It __________John and Kate who helped me the other day.

A. is

B. was

C. are

D。 were

答案:B

解析: 因为句子主语是it,谓语动词用单数。本句是过去时态。

10.Mary has just called and asked __________to have lunch with her tomorrow.

A. you and I

B。 you and me

C. I and you

D. me and you

答案:B

解析: 作ask的宾语需用宾格me。

11.__________electrons are still smaller.

A。 As atoms small are

B. As atoms smaller as

C。 Small as atoms are

D. Smaller atoms as are

答案:C

解析:as引导让步状语从句时,表语常放在as前面。

12.It was clever __________at the answer in two minutes.

A. of him to arrive

B. for him to arrive

C. for his arriving

D. of his arriving

答案:A

解析: 比is+形容词+of+名词/代词+不定式,of后的名词/代词为不定式的动作发出者。

盛京棋牌13.Stop __, boys! It's time for class.

A. talking

B。 to talk

C. talk

D. being talk

答案:A

解析: stop doing sth.表示“停止做某事”;stop to do sth.表示“停下来(开始)做某事”。

14.I liked to play football when I was young.__

盛京棋牌A. So he was

B. So was he

C。 So did he

D. So he did

答案:C

解析: 表示与前面所说一致的情况下,如果是so开始,则主谓倒装,但要注意其动词应跟主句的动词一致。

15.It is not __________to discuss the question again and again.

A. worth

B. worthy

C. worthwhile

D. worth while

答案:C

解析:be worth+名词:值……的,be worth doing sth.:值得做,be worthy of+名词:值得……的,be worthwhile to do sth.值得做某事。

16.Many countries face some serious problems of land use, __________result from population growth and the demands of modem technological living.

A. which most

B. most of which

C. most which

D. of most which

答案:B

解析: 这是由which引导的非限制性定语从句。

17。 Our boss told me my plan was still __________discussion。

A. in

B. under

C. of

D. with

答案:B

解析: under discussion表示“在讨论中”,类似的还有under consideration(在考虑中)等。

18. Tom looks so pale today.He __________ill.

A. must be

B. had to be

C. should be

D. shall be

答案:A

解析: 情态动词must表示推测。

19.He said he __________the next day.

A. will come back

B. come back

盛京棋牌C. would come back

D. came back

答案:C

解析: 主句谓语动词是过去时态,从句的时态应与主句一致。而从句中表示的是过去的将来,所以从句中的谓语动词应用过去将来时。

盛京棋牌20. George did __________than anyone else.

A。 much work

B. more work

C。 work much

D。 work more

答案:B

解析: 当比较级结构中的more、less等词为限定词时,名词只能置于比较级结构中间。


三、完形填空(共15小题,每小题2分,共30分)

通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后从每小题的四个选项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。


Many people believe that Americans love their cars almost more than anything else. They are 21__________about cars. Not only is the car the 22 __________means of transportation in the States, it has 23__________________become a "plaything".24 __________the time youngsters become fourteen years old or even 25__________, they are likely to start 26__________________of having their own cars.

In the USA, the 27__________________family, if the father is not 28__________________work, can afford to buy a new car every five years. However, many young people 29__________________after school in order to save money to buy a car. Learning to drive and getting a driver license may be one of the most exciting 30 __________of a young person's life. Driver 31__________________is one of the most popular courses. At the end of the course the student will 32__________________a driving test for a license.33__________________many, that piece of paper means that they have grown up.

In the United States, many men and women 34__________________to have cars。 People use cars to go to work。35__________________drive cars to go shopping, to take the children to school or for other activities。

21.请选择最佳答案填入(  )

A。 crazy

B. careful

C. sure

D. wonderful

【答案】A

【解题指要】本题为词语搭配题。本句的意思是:他们对车很着迷。A狂热的、着迷的,B小心的、仔细的,C确信的,D奇妙的、极好的。be crazy about意思为“着迷”。

22. 请选择最佳答案填入(  )

A. quickness

B。 closest

C。 basic

D。 scientific

【答案】C

【解题指要】本题为词义选择题。本句的意思是:在美国,小汽车不仅是最基本的交通工具……。A急速、迅速,B最近的,C基本的,D科学的。not only是否定副词,放于句首时,需要主谓倒装。

23。 请选择最佳答案填入(  )

A. already

B. just

C. even

D. also

【答案】D

【解题指要】本题考查not only...(but)also(不但……而且……)句型。本句的意思是:(小汽车不仅是最基本的交通工具,)还是人们的“玩物”。A已经、早已,B仅仅、刚才,C甚至,D也、而且。

盛京棋牌24. 请选择最佳答案填入(  )

盛京棋牌A。 From

B. By

C。 At

D。 Until

【答案】A

【解题指要】本题为语境题。本句的意思是:从14岁开始,或者更早些,年轻人就梦想拥有自己的车。A从……开始,B在……之前、到……为止,C在……时候,D到……时候、在……之前。

25. 请选择最佳答案填入(  )

A. later

B。 earlier

C. less

D. more

【答案】B

【解题指要】本题为语境题。本句的意思是:从14岁开始,或者更早些……。A更迟的、随后,B更早,C更少,D更多。

26. 请选择最佳答案填入(  )

盛京棋牌A。 fond

B。 imagining

C。 wishing

盛京棋牌D. dreaming

【答案】D

【解题指要】本题为词语搭配题。本句的意思是:(从14岁开始,或者更早些,)年轻人就梦想拥有自己的车。A喜欢,B想象,C希望、想要,D梦想。be fond of:喜欢做某事,imaginedoing sth:想象做某事,wish to do sth:希望做某事,dream of doing sth:梦想做某事。

27. 请选择最佳答案填入(  )

A. most

B。 standard

C. average

D. rich

【答案】C

【解题指要】本题为语境题。本句的意思是:在美国,普通家庭每五年就能买辆新车。A大部分、多数(使用时需加复数,且不需用the),B标准的,C普通的、平均的,D富有的。

28. 请选择最佳答案填入(  )

A。 at

B. from

C. out of

D. for

【答案】C

【解题指要】本题为语境加搭配题。本句的意思是:对于普通家庭,只要父亲不失业,每五年就能买辆新车。out of work:失业。

29。请选择最佳答案填入(  )

A. work

B。 look

C. seek

D. graduate

【答案】A

【解题指要】本题为语境题。本句的意思是:然而,很多年轻人都在课余时间靠打工来攒钱买车。A工作,B看,C寻找,D毕业。

30. 请选择最佳答案填入(  )

A. times

B。 skills

C. news

D。 successes

【答案】A

【解题指要】本题为词义辨析题。本句的意思是:学习开车并考取驾驶执照可能是年轻人生命中最令人兴奋的时刻之一了。A时刻、场合,B技巧,C新闻,D成功。

盛京棋牌31. A. club

B。 experience

盛京棋牌C。 training

D. test

【答案】C

【解题指要】本题为语境题。本句的意思是:驾驶员培训是最受欢迎的课程之一。A俱乐部,B经历、经验,C培训,D测试。

32. A. make

B. hold

C。 pass

D. take

【答案】D

【解题指要】本题为语境题。本句的意思是:课程最后,学员将参加驾驶测试。A制作,B举行,C通过,D参加。

33. A. For

B。 So

C。 Too

D. As

【答案】A

盛京棋牌【解题指要】本题为语境题。本句的意思是:对于很多人来说,考取驾照意味着他们已长大成人。A对于,B所以,c太,D作为。

34. A. used

B. need

C. ought

D. dear

【答案】B

【解题指要】本题为语境题。由下句(People use cars to go to work.)可知,很多人都需要小汽车。A使用,B需要,C应该,D亲爱的、昂贵的。

35。 A。 Couples

B. Woman

C。 Husbands

D. Housewives

【答案】D

【解题指要】本题为词义辨析题。本句的意思是:家庭主妇们驾车购物、接孩子等。A夫妇,B女人,C丈夫,D家庭主妇们。


四、阅读理解(共15小题,每题3分,共45分)

阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。


根据以下资料,回答下面试题。

盛京棋牌The year 2000 will bring big changes in communication.Cell phones will be small enough to carry in your pocket.Videophones will let you see the person you are talking to on the phone.Tiny hand size computers will know your favorite subjects.The Internet and email will be everywhere. Technologists believe 2000 will be the year of video messaging.You will be able to see whom you're talking to.

Also in the near future small wireless boxes will pick up information from satellites.In 5 years, computers won't need to be connected through wires.

All of this will be good for rural areas and countries that don't have cable or telephone now。

In 20 years you may only need to think about something and the computer will do it.

Constance Hale is the author of Sin and Syntax, "I believe that email has been an incredible boon to communication.People are writing today where they would have been telephoning yesterday.So people are engaging with words more than they have for the last couple generations."

If people use email and the Internet more, it could make people better readers and writers.Some people think the most important part of communication is to make people understand each other better.Will technology make that easier?

The translator also comes in handy in medical emergencies。Tam Dinh says, "Where people are injured it's always important to get as much information as quickly as possible。"

盛京棋牌Bob Parks is an Associate Editor of Wired Magazine, "Bob's morning begins at about 6:45 am.and Bob is kind of mad, because Bob usually gets up at around 7:15 and likes to cut it close with his morning commute, but I look at my radio and it says that there's a traffic jam on 101 South and I'm gonna need an extra 1/2 hour.And so my radio has got a net connection, wireless net connection as well as a good old power cord to the wall and it has received notice that there's a traffic jam and it has calculated an extra 1/2 hour commute time."

Some day everything may be connected to the Internet.Your refrigerator will add milk to your Internet grocery list when the date on the carton has passed.Light bulbs will be ordered before they burn out.

It's fun to try to guess the future。Usually the predictions are wrong。The one thing we know for sure is that we can't imagine how technology will change。{Page}

36。How will wireless computers and Internet services help rural areas?

A.One of the biggest barriers to Internet use is getting wires into rural areas.

B。The wireless computers will be cheaper。

C.People in rural areas don't have anything else to do.

D.People in rural areas already have wireless boxes on their roofs.

答案:A

解析:参见第二、三段。那些无线的设施可以用在没有电缆的农村。

37. Constance Hale says "email has been an incredible boon to communication".What Does she mean by this?

A.People want to see the person they are talking to on the phon

B. email is easier than talking on the phon

C。 People are using writing and reading more with emai

D. email is not private enoug

答案:C

解析: 参见第五段。Hale说今天的人们用得更多的是电子邮件。

38。 In which case mentioned in the passage would an automatic language translator be helpful?

盛京棋牌A.A medical emergenc

B. Police actio

C。 Travelin

D。 All of the abov

答案:A

解析: 参见倒数第四段。

39。 Why did Bob Parks radio wake him up 1/2 hour earlier than usual?

A.The electricity had gone off during the nigh

B。 Bob had set the alarm wron

C. Bob did not want to be lat

D. The Internet had informed the radio of a traffic ja

答案:D

解析: 参见倒数第三段。

根据以下资料,回答下面试题。

When I was about 12 1 had an enemy, a girl who liked to point out my shortcomings.Week by week her list grew: I was skinny, I wasn't a good student, I was boyish, I talked too loud, and so on.I put up with her as long as I could.At last, with great anger, I ran to my father in tears.

He listened to my outburst quietly.Then he asked, "Are the things she says true or not?"

True? I wanted to know how to strike back.What did truth have to do with it?

"Mary, didn't you ever wonder what you are really like? Well, you now have that girl's opinion。Go and make a list of everything she said and mark the points that are true。Pay no attention to the other things she said。"

盛京棋牌I did as he directed and discovered to my surprise that about half the things were true.Some of them I couldn't change (like being skinny), but a good number I could and suddenly wanted to change.

For the first time in my life I got a fairly clear picture of myself.

I brought the list back to Daddy.He refused to take it.

"That's just for you," he said."You know better than anybody else the truth about yourself, once you hear it.But you've got to learn to listen, not to close your ears in anger or hurt.When something said about you is true you'll know it.You'll find that it will echo inside you."

Daddy's advice has returned to me at many important moments.

40。What did the girl's enemy like to do?

A. Talking with he

B. Pointing out her weak point

盛京棋牌C. Reporting to the teache

D。 Quarrelling with he

答案:B

盛京棋牌解析:参见文章第一句。

41.What did the girl do when she could no longer bear her enemy?

盛京棋牌A. She turned to her fathe

B. She cried to her heart's conten

盛京棋牌C。 She tried to put up with her agai

D. She tried to be her frien

答案:A

盛京棋牌解析: 通过上下文可知。

42. Why did the girl's father ask her to make the list?

A. He wanted to keep the list at hom

B。 He didn't know what the girl's enemy had sai

C. He wanted the girl to talk bac

盛京棋牌D. He wanted her to check if she really had these weak point

答案:D

解析: 参见第四段。

43.What can we infer from reading the passage?

A。 The girl benefited from her father's advic

B. The girl was very often angry with her fathe

C. The girl's father loved other people's advic

D. The girl was easily hurt by her father

答案:A

解析: 通过句子“For the first time in my life I got a fairly clear picture of myself.”可知。

根据以下资料,回答下面试题。   T

he earliest immigrants to North America found Indians already living there.The Indians numbered about 500,000 at that time.Their society was a primitive society, but they lived peacefully and welcomed the white strangers to the land.However, these early immigrants from Europe didn't want to share the land with the natives.They killed off many of the Indians, seized their land or pushed them off to lands farther away.Today the Indians, not more than half a million, live in poverty and misery on the land on which they were once masters.

The earliest immigrants were the Spanish, who settled in the southern part of what is now the US.The next large group were the English, after the English came the French, Dutch, Irish, Germans, and other nationality groups, mostly European.

Another early group to arrive were the Negroes.But they were brought in as slaves from Africa.They didn't win freedom till generations later.

44。Who were the earliest people living in North America?

A. The Spanis

B。 The Englis

C. The Negroe

盛京棋牌D. The Indian

答案:D

解析:参见本文第一句。

45. Why didn't the immigrants share the lands with the natives?

A. They thought the Indians were not friendly to the

B. They wanted to seize the lands as their ow

C. Because North America was first discovered by the

D. Because the Indian people liked making war to the

答案:B

解析: 参见第一段句子:“However,these early immigrants from Europe didn’t want to share the land with the natives.They killed off many of the Indians,seized their land or pushed them off to lands farther away.”

46.According to this passage, which of the following is true?

盛京棋牌A. The Negroes came to North America in order to work for the earliest immigrant

盛京棋牌B. The Negroes also belonged to the earliest immigrants to the North Americ

C. The Negroes were brought to America by chanc

D。 The Negroes didn't win freedom until no

答案:B

解析: 参见最后一段。

47.Which is the best title of this passage?

A. The Earliest People in North Americ

B。 The Earliest Immigrants to North Americ

C。 The People of the United State

盛京棋牌D。 Europeans were the Earliest People Coming to the North Americ

答案:B

解析: 文章主要讲的是到北美的移民,所以选B。

盛京棋牌根据以下资料,回答下面试题。

Can animals be made to work for us? Some scientists think that one day animals may be trained to do a number of simple jobs that are now done by human beings.

They point out that at a circus, for example, we may see elephants, monkeys, dogs and other animals doing quite skillful things。Perhaps you have seen them on the television or in a film。If you watch closely, you may notice that the trainer always gives the animal a piece of candy or a piece of fruit as a reward。The scientists say that many different animals may be trained to do a number of simple jobs if they know they will get a reward for doing them。

Of course, as we know, dogs can be used to guard a house, and soldiers in both old and modem times have used geese to give warning by making a lot of noise when a stranger or an enemy comes near.But it may be possible to train animals to work in factories.In Russia, for example, pigeons which are birds with good eyesight, are being used to watch out for faults in small steel balls that are being made in one factory.When the pigeon sees a ball which looks different from others, it touches a steel plate with its beak.This turns on a light to warn people in the factory.At the same time a few seeds are given as a reward.It takes three to five weeks to train a pigeon to do this and one pigeon can inspect 3 000 to 4 000 balls an hour.

Apes have been used in America in helping to make cars, and scientists believe that these large monkeys may be one day gather crops and even drive trains。

48.What made scientists think animal can be made to work for us one day?

A。 Animals are very skillful at a circu

B. They are big and stron

C。 Some animals are as clever as human being

D。 Animals can be trained because they like to get something as a rewar

答案:A

解析:参见句子:They point out that at a circus,for example,we may see elephants,monkeys,dogs and other animals doing quite skillful things.句中they指的就是scientists。

49.The trainer usually gives the animal a piece of candy or fruit __.

A。 when it is hungry

B. before it plays a trick

盛京棋牌C. when it starts to play a trick

D. after it has done the trick

答案:D

解析: 动物做一个表演,就给它一些吃的东西。

50.Many animals may be trained to do simple jobs if they know __.

A. who their trainers are

B。 they will be praised by theft trainers

C. they will get a reward

D。 something dangerous will happen to them

答案:C

解析: 参见句子:The scientists say that many different animals may be trained to do anumber of simple jobs if they know they will get a reward for doing them。

51.Which of the following is not true?

A. Scientists consider apes may drive trains some da

盛京棋牌B. Apes have worked in some factorie

C。 Apes may one day be used to gather crop

D. An ape is not a large monke

答案:D

解析: 文中最后一段中large monkeys就指apes。

盛京棋牌根据以下资料,回答下面试题。

Train companies in Tokyo are taking action to reduce the number of people jumping in front of trains。They are fitting blue lights on station platforms to try and create a more calming atmosphere。The East Japan Railway Company has invested almost $170,000 to install the lights in all of the 29 stations on the capital's busy Yamanote Line。There has been an alarming rise in the number of people committing suicide at train stations。A total of 68 people threw themselves under trains in the year up to March。This compares with 42 suicides in the same period a year earlier。In 2008, Japan had nearly 2,000 suicides by jumping in front of a train; around six percent of all suicides nationwide。Suicides have risen sharply in the past decade due to poor economic conditions。

No one knows if the blue lights will work.There is no evidence to show that blue light reduces suicidal feelings. Keihan Railway spokesman Osamu Okawa stated: "We thought we had to do something to save lives.We know there is no scientific proof that blue lights deter suicides, but if blue has a soothing effect on the mind, we want to try it to save lives." The Associated Press news agency reports on a Japanese therapist called Mizuki    Takahashi.She explained her reasons why the blue lights might be a good idea: "We associate the color with the sky and the sea.It has a calming effect on agitated people, or people obsessed with one particular thing, which in this case is committing suicide," she said.Other companies are watching this experiment with interest.

52。Why blue lights are installed in many train stations?

盛京棋牌A. Because they do not hurt human eye

B. Because they are cheaper than regular one

C。 Because they can help people at nigh

D. Because they can reduce the number of suicide

答案:D

解析:本文讲的是许多日本火车站启用蓝色的灯以减少卧轨自杀人数。第一段提到,蓝色可以创造平静的氛围,想自杀的人会在这种气氛中平静下来,所以采用蓝色。

53.The use of blue lights to reduce suicides __________.

A. has no result yet

B. is proved effective

C. is welcomed by suicides

D. has been refused by stations

答案:A

解析: 全文中多处提到,无论从科学的角度还是试验的角度,都还没有结果表明蓝色的灯是否会真的起作用。

盛京棋牌54.A Japanese therapist explained that __________.

A. many suicides love blue color

B。 the color of sky and see may calm excited people

C。 only people with trouble in mind need blue color

D。 blue color will definitely work to save suicides

答案:B

解析: 第二段中说到,一位日本的理疗医师说,蓝色被认作是天空和海洋,有让心情焦躁的人或受到某个特殊事件刺激的人平静下来的作用。选项C中的0nly不合题意,太绝对了。

55.What is the writer's attitude toward the experiment? He is __________.

A. interested

盛京棋牌B。 denying

C. objective

D。 indifferent

答案:C

解析: 作者通篇以陈述的口气说明了一个真实的试验。以客观的事实说明该事件,并没有以个人的看法为主导思想。


五、补全对话(共5句,每句满分为3分,共15分)

根据中文提示,将对话中缺少的内容写在横线上,这些句子必须符合表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。


提示:假如你在北京,要去天安门,你不认识路,于是去问路。别人告诉你沿着这条街直行,第二个路口右转,不需要乘坐公共汽车。下面是问路的一段对话,请把五句话补全。

A : Excuse me,56__________________?

B: Sure,57__________, then take the second turn on the right.

Walk on until you come to the traffic lights. Then turn left. You can't miss it.

A: 58__________________?

B: No, you can walk there.

A:59__________________?

B: It's only about 10 minutes' walk.

A: 60__________.

B : Not at all。 Bye-bye!

盛京棋牌A: Bye!

56. 请把最佳答案填入(  )

盛京棋牌【答案】Could(can)you tell me the way to Tian’an Men/would you kindly tell me the way to Tian’an Men/how can I get to Tian’an Men/which is the way to Tian’an Men

【解题指要】由下文B的回答可以看出,B在指路,那么A是在问路。结合提示可知,A要找人询问前往天安门的路。

57. 请把最佳答案填入(  )

【答案】go along this street/walk down this street

【解题指要】B在这一空之后说到,“第二个路口右转”。结合提示可知,这里需要填入的是“沿着这条街直行”。

58。 请把最佳答案填入(  )

【答案】Should(Do)I need to take a bus/Need I take a bus

【解题指要】下文B回答说:“不,你可以走着去。”结合提示可知,这里问的是:需不需要乘坐公共汽车。

59. 请把最佳答案填入(  )

【答案】How far is it

【解题指要】由下文B的回答可推断,A这里问的是步行所需时间。

60。 请把最佳答案填入(  )

【答案】Thank you(very much)/Thanks a lot/Many thanks

【解题指要】由B的回答可知,A在向他表示感谢。

【译文】

盛京棋牌A:打扰了,您能告诉我怎么去天安门吗?

B:当然,沿着这条街直走,在第二个路口向右转。一直走到红绿灯处,然后左转,就看到了。

A:需要坐公交去吗?

盛京棋牌B:不需要,可以走着去。

A:需要多久?

B:大约步行10分钟。

A:谢谢。

B:不客气。再见!

A:再见!


六、书面表达(满分30分)


61。你(LiYuan)和几个朋友约定明天在人民公园野餐。你们的朋友Peter也应邀参加。 你给他写封信,内容包括:

(1)说明野餐目的。

(2)说明路线。

(3)说明日期、时间。

答案:Dear Peter,

We're so glad you're coming to join us tomorrow. Here is how you can find us. We'll have our picnic in the People's Park. You know where it is, don't you? After you enter the park by the main gate, walk straight on till you come to a stream. Cross the stream and turn right. After walking for a while you'll come to a lake. We'll have our picnic there in the small woods by the lake. I'm sure you'll have no trouble finding us. Do come!

Yours,

Lihua


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